Seminar Title

Jail/Correction Liability & Risk Management Loss Control Conference

Dates of Events

03/04/2024 through 03/06/2024

Last Updated: 02/20/2024
Instructor(s): John Jack Ryan, Steve Campbell, Tracey Reed, Jeffrey Carter, Lisa Farmer
Location: Palace Station Hotel & Casino - 2411 West Sahara Avenue, Las Vegas, NV 89102
Course Registration Fee: $425
Instructor Bio
John Jack Ryan
Jack Ryan is an attorney in Rhode Island, a graduate Juris Doctorate, Cum Laude Suffolk University Law School and has 20 years of law enforcement experience as a police officer with the Providence Police Department, Providence, RI.
Jack’s law degree and experience as a police officer gives him the unique perspective of public safety legal and liability issues. Jack is a former adjunct faculty member at Salve Regina University and lectures frequently throughout the United States. He has authored several legal publications, including the LLRMI Best Selling “Legal Guide for Law Enforcement Officers and Supervisors” – an annually updated quick reference guide to U.S. Supreme Court case law impacting law enforcement policies and procedures. Jack has authored "Law Enforcement Best Practices" 6th Edition, "Jail and Best Practices", and "Emerging Legal Trends for SWAT, Tactical and Emergency Response Operations" Jack has written policies and procedures that have been adopted by over 1,000 law enforcement and corrections agencies across the United States.

Steve Campbell
Stephen Campbell began his law enforcement career with the Providence Rhode Island Police Department which employs 500 sworn officers and retired after 28 years at the rank of Major, Chief of Detectives. He has conducted over 115 homicide investigations and dozens of suicides, accidental and natural causes death investigations.
Steve has been a Law Enforcement Trainer and Consultant with the Legal and Liability Risk Management Institute for thirteen years.
Steve is a graduate of the Senior Management Institute for Policing at the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) at Boston University. He is a graduate of the Williams Homicide School, New York State Police. He holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Administration of Justice from Roger Williams University, Bristol RI and a Master of Science Degree in Administration of Justice from Salve Regina University, Newport RI.

Tracey Reed
Kentucky Association of Counties, Kentucky Department of Corrections, Jail Standards (Retired) Louisville, Kentucky
Ms. Reed has over a quarter century of total corrections experience. A graduate of Brescia University (BA-Psychology), Ms. Reed is a veteran in the field of corrections, having served the Kentucky Department of Corrections as a Senior Probation and Parole Officer, as well as KDOC’s first female jail consultant. Since retiring from the KY Dept. of Corrections in 2013, Ms. Reed has served as an Independent Jail Consult-ant for the Kentucky Association of Counties. She routinely develops and provides training for elected jailer sand their staff in critical areas of operations, to help KACO’s clients improve safety and security for those incarcerated in county jails, while also helping reduce liability for individual jail staff members and the county agencies that employ them. In addition, Ms. Reed serves as a member of the Legal & Liability Risk Management Institute’s advisory board, conducting audits for jails, providing training for correctional officers across the United States, and serving as an expert witness for litigants in the areas of intake screening, suicides, mental health, classification, detoxification, and policy and procedures. Ms. Reed’s expertise includes interpreting state and federal regulatory standards governing jail operations, construction and renovation, as well as conducting investigations into critical incidents. Ms. Reed resides in Louisville, Kentucky.

Jeffrey Carter
Jeff Carter, Deputy Director (Retired)Fayette County Detention Center Adult Facility Lexington, Kentucky

Jeff Carter retired December 2018 as the Deputy Director of the Fayette County Detention Center in Lexington, Kentucky. Over his 20-year career, he has worked all levels of custody inside a 1300 bed correctional facility located in the horse racing capitol of he world. Jeff was an instructor for 5 years inside the academy where he trained over 700 recruits, molding them into successful leaders in the Corrections field. He’s trained and commanded the CERT team, as well as, taught Drill and Ceremony to the Division Honor guard. While promoting through the ranks he commanded the Professional Standards Unit where he specialized in Internal Affairs investigations and Gang Intel for 7 years. Jeff completed over 200 administrative investigations, as well as, conducted over 100 PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act) investigations. He is well versed in PREA and is a PREA Investigator Instructor. Jeff has completed the top Leadership Academies at the National Institute of Corrections in Aurora, Colorado. He brings experience from proudly serving 4 years in the U.S. Marine Corps, followed by obtaining his BS degree in Correction’s and Juvenile Services/Political Science from Eastern Kentucky University, through his career as a Corrections Leader. Jeff was a Certified Deputy Coroner within the Commonwealth of Kentucky for 8 years. He presents jail training throughout the country and serves as an Expert Witness around the United States focusing on jail litigation.

Lisa Farmer
Lisa Farmer, Director (retired)
Fayette County Detention Center Adult Facility. Lexington, Kentucky
Lisa Farmer retired in October 2022 and the Director of Fayette County Detention Center in Lexington, KY. Fayette County Detention Center is a Direct Supervision 1260 facility bed, with a staff of 358. Starting as an officer in July 2021, she worked in many areas of the jail including the Classification Department. While promoting up the ranks, she was a Sergeant in Professional Standards for 7 years which included Internal Affairs investigations and starting the Gang Intel Unit. As she continued to promote up thru the ranks, she was a commander over the Custody Bureau. In March 2014, Lisa completed the National Jail Academy Leadership Command Academy in Sam Houston, TX and was the first to receive the CJM certification at Fayette County Detention Center in November 2014. Lisa was an adjunct instructor for training and recruit academy classes covering topics of gangs and Internal Affairs. Lisa completed her BS degree in Corrections and Juvenile Services from Eastern Kentucky University in 2001 and then followed up with her MS degree in Criminal Justice from Eastern Kentucky University in 2004, while working at the detention center.
Course Objectives
Course Overview:
Jail/Correction Conference Risk Management, Liability and Loss Control
“Why Are We Getting Sued”
 What are the liabilities?” Why we are losing law suits?
•  Snohomish County settles jail death lawsuit for $2.4 million.
•  Former Allegheny County jail inmate settles lawsuit over loss of a baby.
•  Sandra Bland’s family settle case for $1.9M; agreement includes policy changes for Texas jail.
• County settles jail meth death for $2.3 million.
• Pennsylvania
A federal jury hit a prison health care provider and associated medical staff with a combined $11.9 million verdict after they were found to have not properly addressed the psychiatric needs of an inmate who killed himself. The verdict broke down into roughly $1 million for deliberate indifference and $2.8 million for medical negligence against all defendants. The verdict also issued $8 million in punitive damages directed solely by medical provider. 
Overview of Jail Liability
While Jail/Correction officers may believe that they will be exposed to liability for all of their actions, both proper and improper, the fact of the matter is that most courts have avoided second guessing police actions and have only sanctioned the most egregious conduct. There are various levels of liability that may exist when a jailers actions are deemed improper.
Civil Actions
Intentional Torts: The Plaintiff must suffer as a result of the breach of duty. 
Federal Lawsuits
When a federal lawsuit is filed under §1983 for violations of federal rights there is no vicarious or respondent superior liability. In such a case, in order to get the agency on the hook as a defendant, the plaintiff has to prove that the agency did something wrong that led the officer to act in the manner that he or she did.
Violations of Civil Rights—42 U.S.C. sec. 1983. This type of lawsuit is the type that most jails often face. 
Pattern and Practice Lawsuit
Under USC §14141 it is unlawful for a Jail/Correction agency to allow its members to participate in a pattern and practice of violating civil rights.
Understanding Judgment and Qualified Immunity in the Defense
of Jail/Correction Officers
Summary Judgment: Even if the person bringing the lawsuit story is taken as true there was no violation of the Constitution.
Qualified Immunity: Even if the person bringing the lawsuit story is taken as true and there was a violation of the Constitution, the law was not clearly established at the time the jail officer acted.

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